12 Primary Ways the New Testament Uses the Old Testament

beale

Here is a  summary of G. K. Beale’s Handbook on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament: Exegesis and Interpretation. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2012. xviii + 173 pp.

Chapter 4 lists 12 primary ways the NT uses the OT (pp. 55–93):

  1. To Indicate Direct Fulfillment of Old Testament Prophecy
  2. To Indicate Indirect Fulfillment of Old Testament Typological Prophecy
  3. To Indicate Affirmation That a Not-Yet-Fulfilled Old Testament Prophecy Will Assuredly Be Fulfilled in the Future
  4. To Indicate an Analogical or Illustrative Use of the Old Testament
  5. To Indicate the Symbolic Use of the Old Testament
  6. To Indicate an Abiding Authority Carried Over from the Old Testament
  7. To Indicate a Proverbial Use of the Old Testament
  8. To Indicate a Rhetorical Use of the Old Testament
  9. To Indicate the Use of an Old Testament Segment as a Blueprint or Prototype for a New Testament Segment
  10. To Indicate an Alternate Textual Use of the Old Testament
  11. To Indicate an Assimilated Use of the Old Testament
  12. To Indicate an Ironic or Inverted Use of the Old Testament

To see the full post see here:.

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